Center for Health Economics

Health Economics Centre (HEC) 

Establishment

The Health Economics Centre (HEC) was established in the Faculty of Economic & Social Studies in April 1999. It is a joint project between the University of Khartoum and the World Health Organisation (WHO), serving Sudan and the other 21 Member-States of the WHO East Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO). The Centre's charter empowers it to admit and register candidates for a Postgraduate Diploma and higher degrees (M.Sc. and Ph.D.) in Health Economics as an interdisciplinary specialization dealing with the socio-economic costs and return of health and health care services.

Justification of Establishment of the Centre

  •  Health Economics is an important discipline, which emerged in 1940s of the past century. Yet, specialists in this field are scarce and rare in the East Mediterranean Region including Sudan. The first batch of 17 Postgraduate Diploma students who graduated in July 2001 was one of the biggest moves to relieve this shortage. Most of these graduates expressed interest to pursue further studies in this field.
  •  The WHO expressed readiness to sponsor studies in this field from various EMRO countries.
  •  The Centre plans to benefit further from the host of scholars specialized in this field and related disciplines in the University of Khartoum as well as other universities and centres in Sudan, EMRO countries and prominent centres elsewhere.
  •  The Centre's Library contains a diversity of books, periodicals, studies, and articles covering the field of health economics and related subjects. In addition, the students at the centre have the opportunity to make use of the libraries and facilities in related faculties in the University of Khartoum and other universities.
  • The Centre's Academic Programmes

    Currently the centre provides two academic programme; Postgraduate Diploma in Health Economics and Master of Sciences in Health Economics.

    M.Sc. in Health Economics

    The programme of the M.Sc. in Health Economics is by Courses and Dissertation

    Admission Requirements

    • Candidates for the Master of Science Degree in Health Economics must satisfy the University of Khartoum general regulations and requirements for admission and registration for Masters Degrees.
    • Applications are acceptable from:
    • Holders of B.Sc. (Honours) in Economics or Econometrics & Social Statistics from the University of Khartoum or from equivalent universities.
    • Holders of Non-economics B.Sc. (Honours) Degrees in relevant medical and health disciplines but with relevant and acceptable work experience.
    • Holders of the Postgraduate Diploma in Health Economics with grade (Good = 60% overall average) as a minimum requirement.

    Programme Objectives

    Objectives of the M.Sc. Health Economics are as follows:

    • To enhance knowledge and skills in applying appropriate tools of economic analysis in the study and evaluation of inputs, processes and outcomes of health care and health care systems.
    • To acquaint students with the economic logic and reasoning behind health sector policy and health system reforms.
    • To equip students with the necessary techniques for evaluating the organisation and financing of health care systems.
    • To build capacity in the decision making process in the health sector.

    The M.Sc. Programme Structure

    The M.Sc. in Health Economics encompasses both taught courses as well as a dissertation. The taught courses are delivered within three semesters preceded by a 6-week preparatory crash course sessions. Semester one and two provide compulsory courses that render the student competent in analysing modern health care systems. Semester three provides a range of optional courses from which students should select three courses. During this semester each student should simultaneously engage in developing his/her proposal for the dissertation in close consultation with the programme coordinator and the potential advisor/supervisor.

    Dissertation Writing and Submission

    Semester four is entirely reserved for the writing, submission and defense of the students' dissertations. Dissertations should be written on relevant topics that have been approved by the Scientific Board of the Health Economics Centre. Dissertations should not be of less than 10,000 words in length and should be prepared under the supervision of a competent economist possibly aided by a co-supervisor specializing in the students' chosen field.

    Assessment and Award of the Degree

    Student performance will be assessed by a three-hour written examination on all subjects at the end of each semester. Course works comprises 10% of the total marks assigned to each subject. The Dissertation accounts for a quarter of the total credit hours required for the award of the M.Sc. degree. The degree is approved by the Centre's Scientific Board and the Research Board of the Faculty of Economic & Social Studies and finally to be approved by the Senate of the University of Khartoum.

    The current M.Sc. Health Economics Programme

    The above designed structure of the M.Sc. Health Economics Programme in which students were grouped in A and B according to their basic academic background was applied to Batch One students and it is no longer applicable.

    Since 2006, from Batch Two and currently the programme was restructured with some changes in the admission requirements, course structure and the dissertation requirement.

     The M.Sc. in Health Economics is by Courses and Dissertation

    Admission Requirements

    • Candidates for the Master of Science Degree in Health Economics must satisfy the University of Khartoum general regulations and requirements for admission and registration for Masters Degrees.
    • Applications are acceptable from:
    • Holders of B.Sc. (Honours) in Economics or Econometrics & Social Statistics from the University of Khartoum or from equivalent universities.
    • Holders of the Postgraduate Diploma in Health Economics with grade (Good = 60% overall average) as a minimum requirement.

    Programme Objectives

    Objectives of the M.Sc. Health Economics are as follows:

    • To enhance knowledge and skills in applying appropriate tools of economic analysis in the study and evaluation of inputs, processes and outcomes of health care and health care systems.
    • To acquaint students with the economic logic and reasoning behind health sector policy and health system reforms.
    • To equip students with the necessary techniques for evaluating the organisation and financing of health care systems.
    • To build capacity in the decision making process in the health sector.

    The M.Sc. Programme Structure

    The M.Sc. Health Economics Degree takes two years - four semesters. The compulsory courses are to be taken in semester one and semester two. The optional courses are to be taken in semester three. The Dissertation (complementary scientific Research paper) is to start in semester three and to be submitted by the end of semester four.

    Dissertation (Complementary Scientific Research Paper)

    Semester four is entirely reserved for the writing, and submission of the complementary Scientific Research Paper. The paper should be written on relevant topics that have been approved by the Scientific Board of the Health Economics Centre. Scientific Research Paper should not exceed 10,000 words in length and should be prepared under the supervision of a competent economist possibly aided by a co-supervisor specializing in the students' chosen field. The paper is approved upon acceptance and recommendation of the supervisor.

    Assessment and Award of the Degree

    Student performance will be assessed by a three-hour written examination on all subjects at the end of each semester. Course works comprises 75% of the total marks assigned to each subject. Scientific Research Paper accounts for 25% the total (contact) hours required for the award of the M.Sc. degree. The degree is approved by the Centre's Scientific Board and the Research Board of the Faculty of Economic & Social Studies and finally to be approved by the Senate of the University of Khartoum.

    Postgraduate Diploma in Health Economics

    The Postgraduate Diploma in Health Economics is a one year programme.

    Admission Requirements

    • Candidates for the Postgraduate Diploma degree in Health Economics must satisfy the University of Khartoum general regulations and requirements for admission and registration for Higher Diploma Degrees.
    • Applications are acceptable from:
    • Holders of B.Sc. (General) in Economics and/or other social sciences from the University of Khartoum or from equivalent universities.
    • Holders of the Bachelor Degree from medical and health sciences.

    Structure of the Programme

    The programme is taught over one academic year divided into two semesters. Each course is taught over 45 teaching hours.

    The programme covers courses on general economics, economics of health care, medical statistics, community medicine and public health as well as some other relevant courses from management and programming, international relations and health disparities and inequalities. The programme also equips the students with the basic scientific research methods and tools as applied to health accompanied with software packages. Overall the programme covers 11 courses; five are taught over semester one and six over semester two including scientific research methods and a research paper on health issues tackled from economic point of view.

    Assessment and award of the Diploma Degree

    Regulations of the College of Graduate Studies apply with regard to pass, fail, supplementary and substitution examinations. Assessment is via a three-hour written examination for all taught courses over the two semesters. The award of the degree is subject to approval by the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies Research Board and finally by approval of the Senate of the University of Khartoum.

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